A journey to the country of lakes and volcanoes promises a great and adventurous time. Nicaragua is the biggest Central American country, but the population with 6,5 million inhabitants is quite small. Until now the tourism starts sprouting – a benefit to travel cheap in this beautiful place. Nevertheless, Nicaragua is the second poorest country in Central America following Haiti. That is why you have to be careful as a traveller. You should not take to many valuables with you.
Nicaragua has three different geographical zones: The Pacific region, the central highlands and the Caribbean region. Every region has its very own character. In the pacific region beautiful colonial cities like Granada or León invite the visitors to explore the great architecture, vivid cafes and sights around. At the popular beaches in the south surfers ride big waves, while partly active volcanoes are great for hiking. The majority of the population lives in this zone.
In the cooler north the calmer cities Matagalpa and Estelí invite to stay. The green mountain landscapes, the life on the coffee plantations and cacao farms fascinate. Here you gain an insight into the Nicaraguan agriculture. As an agricultural country it produces and exports mainly coffee or beef. But even the textile industry and the tourism are growing fields with many potential.
A new world, a different country, opens in the Caribbean part of Nicaragua. Most of the indigenous population lives here – the Sumu, Miskito and Rama. The region is unfortunately often affected by tropical storms and one of the poorest and undiscovered. But Reggae-sounds, Creole food and dreamlike islands with white sand and palm trees promise paradise on earth.
On the coasts it is never cold. No, it is very hot most of the time at the Pacific and the Caribbean coasts. Even the cities are hot places in Nicaragua. But in the mountains it can be cool at night time – the higher, the colder. Keep in mind that Nicaragua has raining seasons.
Spanish is the official language in every Central American country and is spoken by the majority of European originate Mestizen and most of the Indígenas as second language.
At the Caribbean coast Creole is also very common.
Gallo Pinto – rice and beans is the traditional meal in Nicaragua. It comes with meat or fish, plantains and a small salad. The Nicaraguan cuisine is simple, but you find many fresh fruits and vegetables at the markets. Other traditional dishes are for example Nacatamales (dough prepared with ground corn and butter) or Indio Viejo (meat with vegetables).